Discipline "Orchestra" occupies a central place in the preparation of music teachers, forming his professional skills, practical management skills classroom and extra-curricular team, fosters positive artistic taste, develops initiative and organizational skills, ability to think creatively and work [45, p. 12].

The organization of the orchestra is a creative work. Every Director who may meet with accidents and properties which are impossible to predict, to foresee, for example: people change in the orchestra (which, incidentally, we regard as a natural phenomenon with objective reasons), etc.

The success of learning, creative and educational processes depends on training and knowledge of the leader as the organizer, conductor, teacher, and skills General provisions techniques to break in their own individual creative work [27, p.5].

The word "orchestra" is Greek in origin and means the dance in Ancient Greece, this term referred to the space between the audience and the proscenium, i.e. to the place which is now occupied by the orchestra in the theater.

The orchestra, as is known, represents a single organism, but it is not homogeneous, but consists of a system of functions.

In the same way as other types of musical performance, orchestral performance is a relatively independent artistic and creative activity, creative side which manifests itself in the form of artistic interpretation and materialization in the living sounds of composer's idea, as well as in other genres of music performance in orchestral genre performers affect the listener with sound, using changes in its temporal and spatial qualities: rhythmic, agogics, timbre, dynamic, articulation from the deviation, a variety of methods of sound production.

The purpose of this manual is to systematize the basic principles of organization and methodology of educational and creative work in orchestras, to reveal the most typical issues and specific features of the associated practical activities.

The textbook consists of seven chapters.

The first Chapter provides a brief historical sketch of the formation and development of orchestral music.

The second analyzes the organization of individual and group sessions, which is a crucial stage in the organization of the educational process. Examines the creation of the orchestral team, the selection of participants, the Seating of musicians and distribution tools organizational design team. Also discusses the need for great attention to the organization of independent work of musicians.

The third Chapter discusses the means of artistic expression in General. The quality of the expressive sound of the orchestra performance.

The fourth section contains guidelines and methods of organization of the orchestra in schools and preschool institutions, i.e. work with children, teaching them to read and write music, play musical instruments, what is the need for future music teachers. Here light communicate issues of mastering strokes, performance style, etc.

Chapter five is devoted to the activities of the conductor. The methods of production, the history of conductor's art and also activity of the head-a conductor.

The following section "Selection of the Repertoire and Work over Orchestral Kui and Works" is devoted to specifics of orchestral performance, the main directions of this process, the principles of performance of orchestras, its role in ideological and moral and esthetic development of participants and listeners, and also to paying of attention to playing and work over kui or works reveal.

The chapter 7 is connected with concert activity of orchestra, questions of a technique of drawing up concert programs, etc.

Also in the manual questions and tasks are given to students orchestral players for preparation for examinations.

In applications and illustrations you can study the musical dictionary, with the Kazakh musical instruments, with kinds of orchestras, works of conductors-composers that will undoubtedly give help to orchestral players and future music teachers.